Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge and arts, represents the free flow of wisdom and consciousness. She is the mother of the Vedas
, and chants to her, called the 'Saraswati Vandana' often begin and end Vedic lessons.
Saraswati is the daughter of Lord Shiva
and Goddess Durga
It is believed that goddess Saraswati endows human beings with the powers of
speech, wisdom and learning. She has four hands representing four aspects of
human personality in learning: mind, intellect, alertness and ego. She has sacred
scriptures in one hand and a lotus – the symbol of true knowledge –
in the second.
With her other two hands she plays the music of love and life
on a string instrument called the veena
. She is dressed in white –
the symbol of purity – and rides on a white swan – symbolizing Sattwa
or purity and discrimination. Saraswati is also a prominent figure
in Buddhist iconography - the consort of Manjushri.
The learned and the erudite attach greater
importance to the worship of goddess Saraswati. As a practice, only educated
people worship her for knowledge and wisdom.
They believe that only Saraswati can grant them 'moksha' - the final liberation of the soul.
Saraswati's birthday - Vasant Panchami - is a Hindu festival celebrated every
year on the 5th day of the bright fortnight of the lunar month of Magha
Hindus celebrate this festival with great fervor in temples, homes and educational institutes alike.
more about Vasant Panchami
The following popular 'pranam mantra' or Sanskrit prayer, Saraswati devotees utter with utmost devotion eulogizes the goddess of knowledge and arts:
Om Saraswati Mahabhagey, Vidye Kamala Lochaney |
Viswarupey Vishalakshmi, Vidyam Dehi Namohastutey ||
Jaya Jaya Devi, Charachara Sharey, Kuchayuga Shobhita, Mukta Haarey |
Vina Ranjita, Pustaka Hastey, Bhagavati Bharati Devi Namohastutey ||
The beautiful human form of Saraswati comes to the fore in this English translation of the Saraswati hymn:
"May Goddess Saraswati,
who is fair like the jasmine-colored moon,
and whose pure white garland is like frosty dew drops;
who is adorned in radiant white attire,
on whose beautiful arm rests the veena,
and whose throne is a white lotus;
who is surrounded and respected by the Gods, protect me.
May you fully remove my lethargy, sluggishness, and ignorance."